The Story Of Abraham and Lot In The Bible.

abraham

Introduction to Abraham and Lot

This Biblical story of Abraham and Lot, is one of the most interesting stories in the Bible. One of the reasons why this story so interesting, is that Abraham was the grandfather of Israel, (originally named: Jacob.) 

Abraham (originally named: Abram) begat Isaac and Isaac begat Jacob, whose name God later changed to Israel. From him we have the children of Israel, which were his twelve sons.

Their names are as follows:

  1. Reuben
  2. Simeon
  3. Levi
  4. Judah
  5. Issachar
  6. Zebulun
  7. Gad
  8. Asher
  9. Dan
  10. Naphtali
  11. Joseph
  12. Benjamin

Israel also had a daughter whose name was Dinah. You can find the names of these twelve brothers in Genesis 35:23-26. 

It is very important for us to have some knowledge of this interesting story. 

Where Abraham and Lot First Mentioned in The Bible. 

The first time Abraham's name appeared in the Bible was in Genesis 11:26.  His name was not yet Abraham, but rather Abram. The LORD later changed his name to Abraham. 

Based on the original Hebrew language, the name Abram means "exalted father." However, when the name Abraham is translated, it actually means "father of a multitude." 

The name of Abraham's wife initially was Sarai, but was later changed to Sarah. 

When the name Sarah was translated however, it was said to mean "princess."

Sarah was childless up to the age of 90, then God promised that she would conceived and bear a son. 

Abraham and Lot were relatives, because Lot was the son of  Abraham's brother Haran. 

Abraham's father Terah took Abraham, Sarah and Lot from the land of Ur to the land of Haran. They lived in this place up to the point of Terah's death. He died at the age of two hundred and five years old.

All of these activities took place between the lands of Ur and Haran in the eleventh chapter of Genesis. 

Genesis 11:26-32

The Lord Speaks To Abraham.

As we enter the twelfth chapter of Genesis, we found God talking with Abraham. The LORD GOD instructed him to leave his country, and his kindred, and his father's house and travel to a land that the LORD GOD would show him. 

The LORD also speak words of blessings upon his life. Some of the blessed promises were that God would:

  • Bless those who bless him 
  • Curse those who curse him
  • Make his name great

Included in these promises were, a land flowing with milk and honey. This means that it was a very fruitful and productive land. 

At the end of all those instructions and blessed promises from the LORD, Abraham gather up all that he had, (including Sarah his wife and Lot his nephew,) and they started their journey as God had instructed. 

When the LORD called Abraham to follow Him, he was already an old man at the age of seventy and five years old. In our world today, many senior citizens retired before they reach that age. 

Abraham however, was just getting started, because he didn't even had a child at that great age and it didn't greatly bothered him because he believed in the promises of his God and believe that God was able to fulfil them.

Genesis 12:1-9

Abraham's Visit to Egypt.

The main reason why Abraham turned off his journey to visit Egypt, was because of the severe famine in the land that he was traveling. So he and those who were with him went down to Egypt to rest and refresh themselves for a few days and then get back on their journey.

The problem about it, was that Abraham feared that Pharaoh might kill him because of his wife. 

Abraham's wife was very beautiful and Pharaoh was a man of authority and power. So since Abraham was staying in his territory, he could easily give instructions to forcefully take his wife, and have him killed.

This was exactly what was going through Abraham's thoughts when he told his wife Sarah to say that she was his sister.  

This plan however didn't go too well, because when Pharaoh heard that Sarah was not Abraham's wife, but that she was his sister, he took her into his chamber and treated Abraham well for her sake. 

The Lord was not happy about this, so He plagued the house of Pharaoh with great plagues for the sake of Sarah, Abraham's wife.

When Pharaoh found out that all the plagues that were tormenting his household were sent by the Lord God because of the man's wife, he sent for Abraham.

When Abraham arrived, Pharaoh asked him; why he lied and said that Sarah was his sister. He then told the man to take his wife and all that he came with and depart. He realized that God was with Abraham so he commanded his men to do him no harm.

Abraham and Lot gathered together all their possessions and departed from the land of Egypt.  

This was the same Egypt that the children of Israel would become slaves in for four hundred years. The LORD told Abraham that this would happened to them many years to come.

Genesis 12:10-20

The Separation of Abraham and Lot. 

After Abraham left Egypt with his wife Sarah, his nephew Lot and their servants, they journeyed south to Bethel, where he had made an altar and he called upon the name of the LORD there. Genesis 13:1-4. 

Abraham and Lot were very rich in cattle, silver and gold and it was not possible for them to stay together because of their great substance. Genesis 13:6

Because of this, their servants began to fight with each other. Genesis 13:7

So when Abraham realized that there were strife between the servants, he called Lot and talked with him concerning the matter. He told Lot that he didn't want any fighting between his servants and the servants of Lot because they were brethren. Genesis 13:8 

He told Lot that the whole land were before them and that it would be best for them to separate. He also told Lot that if he would go to the left, he would take the right; or if Lot would go to the right, he would go left. Genesis 13:9

When Lot realized that Abraham gave him first choice, he lifted up his head and saw that the lands in the planes of Jordon were well watered, and as flourishing as the garden of the LORD. Genesis 13:10

So Lot departed to the land of Jordon, and he pitched his tent near a wicked and abominable city called Sodom and Gomorrah. Genesis 13:11 

Abraham humbled himself in this matter and gave his nephew the first choice. Because of his humility, God open his eyes and showed him the entire land from the north to the south, and from the east to the west that Lot could not see. All of this land the Lord promised to give unto Abraham's seed. (Offspring) Genesis 13:14-15

The LORD also promised to bless his seed and make them multiply as the dust of the earth, So that if a man is able to count the dust of the earth, then his seed shall also be counted. Genesis 13:16

After the Lord finished talking with Abraham, he went and pitched his tent in the land of Mamre which is Hebron and there he built an altar unto the LORD. Genesis 13:18

One good lesson we can take away from this, is the importance of building an altar unto the LORD wherever we go. The altar represents a place of prayer and thanksgiving. 

This means that we should always give thanks unto the LORD; (1 Thessalonians 5:18) And pray without ceasing. 1 Thessalonians 5:17


Abraham Went To Rescue Lot.

There was a great war between four kings from the east, and five kings from the Jordan region where Sodom and Gomorrah located. 

The war started because the five kings in the Sodom and Gomorrah area decided to rebel against the four kings from the east. 

The reason for the rebellion was because these five kings had been paying tax to the other four kings. They paid it faithfully for twelve years and decided not to pay any more in the thirteenth year. 

In the fourteenth year the four kings made war against the five kings and defeated them. Genesis 14:5-6 

There was a great slaughter in the region of Jordon and the Kings of Sodom and Gomorrah ran away to the mountains to save their lives. Genesis 14:10 

When the four kings saw that they ran away, they took all the goods from the land of Sodom and Gomorrah. And as if that was not enough, they also captured Abraham's nephew Lot and his goods and departed. Genesis 14:11-12

There was a man who saw the whole scenery and came to Abraham and told him everything. When Abraham heard that his nephew Lot was captured, he gathered together three hundred and eighteen of his trained servants and pursued them. Genesis 14:13-14 

Abraham and his men destroyed every one of them and brought back all the goods and his nephew Lot and his goods. Genesis 14:15-16

The victory that Abraham had upon these four kings and their massive armies was only because the LORD was with him. It was impossible for him to defeat the four kings with their thousands of soldiers. 

We need to understand that when God is for us, no one can fight against us and be victorious, because the battle is not ours, the battle is the LORD's. 2 Chronicles 20:15



Conclusion:
Abraham Pleaded with God For Sodom and Gomorrah on Behalf of Lot and His Family.

The LORD made it known unto Abraham that He was going to destroy the city of Sodom and Gomorrah because of how great their sin has become. Genesis 18:20 

When Abraham heard this, he remembered that his nephew Lot was down there. So he went and pleaded with God concerning this matter. 

Abraham cried out to God and bargained with Him, and made God promised that He would not destroy the city if there were fifty righteous men down there. Genesis 18:36 

Abraham kept bargaining with God until he brought the number down to ten righteous men. So God eventually promised Abraham that if ten righteous men were found in Sodom and Gomorrah He would not destroy the city for their sake. Genesis 18:32

Unfortunately, ten righteous men wasn't found, so the LORD eventually had to destroy the city because the abominations of the people were very great. But God remembered how Abraham pleaded with Him; and for his sake Lot and his two daughters were saved and not consumed.  Genesis 19:29

Abraham once more had come to Lot's rescue, because if it weren't for him interceding on Lot's behalf, Lot too would have been destroyed with the others. 

The LORD was able to use Abraham in a great way because of his humility and his faith in God.

Thanks for reading.

God bless you.

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